In this section you will find documents relating to child protection, education, foster care, inspection, the media, residential care, secure care and youth justice.


pdf The 2017 Election Manifestos Policy Pledges and Children in Care and Care Leavers briefing, TACT, 2017


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TACT 17 Manifesto-Briefing-2017.pdf

This briefing looks at the manifesto commitments made by each of the main UK wide political parties on issues pertinent to children in care and care leavers: early years, schools, further education, and children’s services.

pdf Call to Action: TACT's Manifesto for Children in Care and Care Leavers 2017 - 2020


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TACT 17 Call_to_Action_Manifesto 2017.pdf

TACT's manifesto for June 2017 general election asking policymakers and public servants to bring the needs of children in care and care leavers to the forefront of social policy.

document Stability Index: Overview and Initial Findings ABSTRACT, Children's Commissioner for England, April 2017


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OCC 17 Stability Index ABSTRACT APR 17.docx

This abstract provides details of a report which shines a light on the difficulties faced by thousands of children each year bouncing around the social care system.

document Care Planning and the Role of the Independent Reviewing Officer: Research Briefing ABSTRACT, University of East Anglia, October 2014


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UEA 14 IRO research ABSTRACT OCT 14.docx

This abstract provides details of research which investigated current practice in care planning and the role of the Independent Reviewing Officer (IRO).

document No Good Options: Report of the Inquiry into Children's Social Care in England ABSTRACT, All Party Parliamentary Group for Children, March 2017


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APPG-C 17 No Good Options ABSTRACT MAR 17.docx

This abstract provides details of an inquiry about the current resourcing of children’s social services and changes in the nature and level of demand, to improve our understanding of the challenges facing under-performing children’s services, and how to address them.

document Our Lives Our Care: Looked after children's views on their well-being ABSTRACT, University of Bristol & Coram Voice, 2017


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UoB 17 Our Lives Our Care ABSTRACT 2017.docx

This abstract provides details of a study conducted as part of Coram Voice’s Bright Spots project which aims to improve young people’s care journeys by involving their experiences and opinions.

document "Children in charge": Imagining systemic reform and redesign in care commissioning for children (A discussion paper) ABSTRACT, Children in England, November 2016

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CiE 16 Children in charge ABSTRACT NOV 16.docx

This abstract provides details of a discussion paper which attempts to rethink the systemic problems facing the funding and commissioning of care services and placements for children in need of care and adoption, across all types and specialisms of placement, from kinship care, through foster care, to residential care and adoption.

document Outcomes for children of shorter court decision-making processes: A follow-up study of the Tri-borough care proceedings pilot (Final report) ABSTRACT, University of East Anglia, October 2016

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UEA 16 Outcomes for children ABSTRACT OCT 16.docx

This abstract provides details of a study which investigated what happened to children in the two years after their final court hearing. It examined the impact of shorter family court care proceedings on children found more ended up in stable placements and those still needing one faced less of a wait.

document Children's attachment Quality Standard, National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, 12 October 2016

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NICE 16 Children's attachment 12 Oct 16.docx

This abstract provides details of a NICE quality standard which covers the identification, assessment and treatment of attachment difficulties. It focuses on children and young people up to age 18: on the edge of care (those considered to be at high risk of going into care); looked after by local authorities in foster homes (including kinship foster care); in special guardianship; adopted from care; and in residential units and other accommodation.

pdf 1000 Voices: Our ambition to create the most caring nation in the world, Who Cares Scotland, October 2016


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WCS 16 1000-Voices- Manifesto 2016.pdf

Who Cares? Scotland's manifesto 1000 Voices calls on the First Minister, Nicola Sturgeon, to listen to care experienced young people and to take action.

document Comparing long-term placements for young children in care: Does placement type really matter? Children & Youth Services Review, October 2016

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Comparing long term placements OCT 16.docx

This abstract provides details of the findings from the third phase of a longitudinal study, entitled Care Pathways and Outcomes, which has been tracking the placements and measuring outcomes for a population of children (n = 374) who were under the age of five and in care in Northern Ireland on the 31st March 2000.

document Home on a care order: who the children are and what the care order is for ABSTRACT, Fargas-Malet, M. et al., 2016


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QUB 16 Home on a care order ABSTRACT 2016.docx

This abstract details research focusing on children and young people at home on care orders.

document Care Pathways and Outcomes Study, Queen's University Belfast, 2000 - present


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Care Pathways and Outcomes.docx

This paper outlines the four phases of the Care Pathways and Outcomes Study conducted by the Institute of Child Care Research, Queen's University Belfast.

document Preventing unplanned pregnancy and improving preparation for parenthood for care-experienced young people ABSTRACT, Coram, October 2015

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COR 15 Preventing unplanned pregnancy ABSTRACT OCT 15.docx

This abstract provides details of a review of academic papers and research from 2000 to 2014 undertaken to ascertain how best to improve outcomes of this vulnerable group of young people.

pdf At home in care: Children living with birth parents on a Care Order, Queen's University Belfast, November 2014


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QUB 14 At home in care NOV 14.pdf

The purpose of this study was to investigate the experiences of returning home for children/young people and their birth parents when the child returning home is subject to a Care Order. The study examined: the care histories for a cohort of children/young people in this situation; the reasons for them being taken into care, returning home, and the Care Order being discharged; the level of social services support and assistance provided; and the outcomes for these children/young people and their families.

pdf Special guardianship guidance, Department for Education, February 2016

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DfE 16 special_guardianship_guidance FEB 16.pdf

Statutory guidance for local authorities on the Special Guardianship Regulations 2005 (as amended by the Special Guardianship (Amendment) Regulations 2016).

document Looked after children, care leavers and risk of teenage conception; findings from Wales: Summary of a National Response Research Briefing paper #6 ABSTRACT, CASCADE Cardiff University, January 2016

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CAS 16 Briefing paper #6 ABSTRACT JAN 16.docx

This abstract provides details of a short summary communicating key research findings for policy and practice on the risk of teenage conception amongst looked after children and care leavers in Wales.

pdf Special guardianship review: report on findings. Government consultation response, Department for Education, December 2015


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DfE 15 SGR_Final_Combined_Report DEC 15.pdf

Special Guardianship Orders (SGOs) are long-term care orders that last until a child is 18 and are usually applied to a family member or long-term carer. Its use has grown substantially in recent years – since 2010/11, the number of SGOs has risen by 98 per cent. The DfE has immediately amended guidance to councils on deciding when to use SGOs because the consultation found evidence that rushed or poor-quality assessments for SGOs by councils is putting children's safety at risk. 70 per cent of those who responded to the consultation said the assessment process for determining the suitability of a special guardian needed to improve. The consultation also highlighted a lack of support for special guardians. This included a failure to offer advice before a placement is finalised and a lack of support when problems occur, with 72 per cent of respondents calling for improvements to information provided before and during the SGO process. The DfE has pledged to improve the assessment process to ensure it is based on the fundamental principle that the person being assessed is capable of caring for the child for the whole of that child’s life to adulthood.

pdf Improving practice for children who return from care, Department for Education, December 2015

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DfE 15 Improving_practice_for_children_who_return_from_care DEC 15.pdf

This research conducted by the National Children’s Bureau and Loughborough University’s Centre for Child and Family Research looks at the work local authorities do to support children who return home from care. It examines how local authorities decide that a child is ready to come home from care, plan the child’s transition from care, support children who return from care and their families, monitor the children who have returned home from care, and train and supervise staff in charge of supporting children who return home from care. The findings reveal a discrepancy between senior managers’ descriptions of their local authority’s approach to reunification and the everyday practice described by frontline workers and representatives of external agencies involved in supporting families. In part, this is likely to be the result of reunification policy and practice not having been a specific focus for local authorities. The findings also highlight a number of enablers and barriers to implementing effective practice based on the research evidence. From these, it is possible to identify a range of factors which need to be in place for local authorities to implement effective practice. There needs to be an emphasis on communicating with families, potentially involving an independent person who was not involved in a child entering care/accommodation in the first place. All professionals involved in reunification need to understand the local structure of support provision, and senior management needs to maintain an overview to ensure gaps or weaknesses in provision are addressed. There was relatively little mention by professionals of innovative practice, which may reflect the fact that local authorities are in the early stages of focusing on policy and practice in this area.

document Supporting adolescents on the edge of care: The role of short term stays in residential care ABSTRACT, Action for Children and NSPCC, May 2015

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A4C 15 Supporting adolescents ABSTRACT MAY 15.docx

This abstract provides details of an evidence scope focusing on the concept and use of 'edge of care', respite care in all forms and effective family support provision, alongside in depth practice examples.